The man who helped design the Bird’s Nest, then turned his back on it. In a new show, he wrestles with his creation
When Ann Widdecombe demanded that my film about new art in China, Beijing Swings, be taken off the air in 2003, I suspected I was doing something right. When the Chinese subsequently banned me from going back there and the Third Secretary at the Chinese embassy popped up in the media to describe the film as “very damaging” to the image of China, that suspicion hardened into a certainty. Any film that can inspire critical concord between Ann Widdecombe and the Chinese authorities is surely treading on interesting toes.
Beijing Swings rounded up the hard-core rebel artists of China and listened to their complaints. Not the tame auction-monkeys who are currently raking in millions at Sotheby’s and Christie’s with their trite political iPop, but the determined naysayers who refused to be house-trained and were protesting as loudly as they could about the destruction that was being visited upon Beijing by the upcoming Olympics – the families that were being shredded, the communities that were being bulldozed, the undesirables who were being “lost”. Their message was: if you think our art is shocking, you should see what our authorities are doing to our country. Chief among these naysayers was Ai Weiwei, the original artistic consultant to Beijing’s Bird’s Nest Olympic stadium, who has a new show in London.
Ai Weiwei had a genius for annoying his government. We used one of his photographs of a young Chinese girl lifting her skirt and flashing her knickers at Chairman Mao as the publicity still for the film. And long after we’d gone, when the cantons were reduced to rubble and that grotesque heavy-metal Bird’s Nest had risen out of the ashes of so many destroyed lives, it was Ai Weiwei who continued to protest on a daily basis about what was happening. If ever an artist had a stubborn streak, it was Ai Weiwei.
So it’s sobering to see how thoughtful and quiet he seems to have grown in his new show at Albion. Anger, you feel, has turned to sadness. A battle has been lost. And we in the West contributed plenty to the defeat. Two huge works dominate this display. One is a line of extra-large colour photographs detailing a day in the life of the half-built Bird’s Nest stadium – 24 melancholy photographs for 24 melancholy hours. The other is a claustrophobic installation of tottering bamboo sticks that fills two of Albion’s larger galleries.
Bamboo is the magical ingredient that has made modern China possible. Those who have been to Beijing will know already that the Chinese construction industry relies utterly on hand-tied bamboo scaffolding. Every thrusting steel-and-glass phallus that today brutally rends the Beijing air began life as a spindly chopstick heap of interconnecting bamboo struts. Thus the 21st-century futurism of which China is so destructively proud was achieved with the aid of man-eating building methods perfected in the bamboo age.
This poignant paradox lies at the heart of Weiwei’s lament. His art constantly pits the human against the machine; old values against new ones; bamboo against steel; the poetic truths of then against the poetry-less lies of now. In this show, the tottering scaffolds of floor-to-ceiling bamboo play curious and sophisticated games with the blank white cube in which they find themselves. Bamboo’s strength is, of course, belied by its size. Just as there seems to be something miraculous about the manner in which the grotesquely large metal knots of the Bird’s Nest were initially kept in place by delicate trellises of bamboo, so the thin scaffolding towers of this installation fill their predictable space with unpredictable tensions and thrusts. It’s like watching a thin, wiry bloke fighting a huge lard-arse. The thin bloke is the one you cheer.